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US coronavirus: Faster test results and ‘robust’ immune response may offer hope of curbing the pandemic, experts say

Tests have been delayed and in short supply as the United States surpassed 5.4 million cases, leaving many uncertain about their risk of spreading the virus. And as researchers rush to develop vaccines, they’ve had little evidence to tell if antibodies that protect against Covid-19 last long enough to get the virus under control. But developments from researchers Monday brought optimistic outlooks to both fronts.

SalivaDirect, a test that does not require specialized supplies and can deliver results in less than three hours, could be available to the public in a matter of weeks, according to Anne Wyllie, an epidemiologist at Yale School of Public Health who was part of the team responsible for the protocol.

And though many are in early stages and have not been peer-reviewed, a recent batch of studies show that humans — even those with mild symptoms — have a “robust” immune response to coronavirus that could provide evidence that a vaccine could protect the public for more than just a short period of time, said Dr. Ian Lipkin, director of the Center for Infection and Immunity at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health.

“This is very good news and it’s optimistic,” Lipkin said Monday. “You know, it is a bit of blue sky that we’ve been looking for.”

How long that protection lasts is still unclear, but the studies indicate it could last for months.

The news comes as the White House coronavirus task force coordinator said Monday she wished the early days of coronavirus in the US looked more like it did in Italy: strict lockdowns keeping people home as infections spread.

Positivity rates are dropping, but deaths have been above 1,000 daily since late July

The average number of daily, official new coronavirus cases reported in the US has been declining for weeks. But daily deaths — which experts say can spike weeks after a jump in new cases — have recently been at a relatively elevated level.

Daily new cases over the past week averaged about 49,100 as of Monday, down from more than 65,000 per day in mid-to-late July, according to Johns Hopkins University data. Daily testing also has declined, however, since late July, according to the Covid Tracking Project.Tracking Covid-19 cases in the USThe seven-day average of test-positivity rates in the US dropped to 6.6% as of Tuesday, down from 8.5% in mid-July, according to the Covid Tracking Project.The CDC’s director has suggested communities’ positivity rates should be below 5% to comfortably reopen schools. At least 24 states averaged above 5% as of Monday.

Still, the country’s seven-day average for daily Covid-19 deaths has been above 1,000 for 22 straight days as of Monday, after seven weeks of below 1,000.

Los Angeles County, a hotspot in California, has seen steady progress in the fight to curb the virus, LA County Public Health Director Barbara Ferrer said Monday. Daily hospitalizations have dropped 37% in the last month.

“We do continue to be cautiously optimistic that all the sacrifices and the hard work that we’ve seen across our county is working and that we’re in fact back to slowing the spread,” Ferrer said.

Texas on Monday became the fourth state to surpass 10,000 Covid-19-related deaths. And Florida nearly doubled its count of coronavirus deaths in just a month, bringing the total to 9,539.

Georgia, Florida and Texas led the nation for highest per-capita rate of average new daily cases as of Tuesday morning, according to CNN’s analysis of JHU data.

However, Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis tweeted Monday that the state is reporting the lowest number of cases of Covid-19 in one day since mid-June at 2,760; adding that the number of coronavirus-positive patients hospitalized in the state is down almost 40% since July 21.

Schools at decision-point as researchers learn more about coronavirus in young people

Health experts learning more about how young people are contracting and spreading the virus must decide if and how to bring students back to school for the new academic year.

A common perception is that young people don’t need to worry about being infected, director of the National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Diseases Dr. Anthony Fauci said Monday. But researchers have found that even those not hospitalized can have “really troublesome” long-term effects.

“In individuals who are young and otherwise healthy, who don’t require hospitalization but do get sick and symptomatic enough to be in bed for a week or two or three and then get better, they clear the virus — they have residual symptoms for weeks and sometimes months,” he said during a American Society for Microbiology briefing.

“These are people that supposedly recovered from Covid-19,” he said.

Meanwhile, many schools that have resumed instruction in-person have quickly reported infections.

During the first week of in-person instruction, at least three Florida school districts reported having to place students in quarantine. The latest of which, Baker County School District, has reported at least three positive cases, according to the Florida Department of Health.

The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill abruptly decided this week it will no longer hold in-person undergraduate classes on campus, starting Wednesday, after about 130 students tested positive for Covid-19 in the first week since classes began.

West Virginia Gov. Jim Justice said the state is grappling with returning to in-person teaching, responding to accusations of bowing to pressure.

“Nobody is going to pressure me in any way to put our teachers, our service personnel, our kids especially back into a situation that I feel in my heart that is not as safe as we can possibly make it,” Justice said.

Study finds possible coronavirus spread on airplane

Researchers in Germany say they’ve found possible evidence of the spread of coronavirus on an airline flight.

In March, early in the pandemic, two passengers developed coronavirus infections after sitting through a nearly five-hour flight, the researchers said.

It began with an infected hotel manager. A week before the flight, 24 travelers had contact with a hotel manager who later tested positive for Covid-19, according to research published in the journal JAMA Network Open on Tuesday.

They all were among 102 passengers on the Boeing 737-900 flight from Tel Aviv to Frankfurt. None of the passengers had received Covid-19 diagnoses before the flight. That early in the pandemic, there were no mitigation measures in place and passengers were not asked to wear masks.

Researchers from the Institute for Medical Virology at Goethe University in Frankfurt, Germany examined those 24 travelers, all members of a tourist group, and tested them for coronavirus. Most of the other passengers were also contacted four to five weeks later for interviews.

Seven members of the tourist group tested positive for Covid-19. Four were symptomatic during the flight, two were presymptomatic and one remained asymptomatic, according to the researchers.

“We discovered two likely SARS-CoV-2 transmissions on this flight, with seven index cases,” the researchers wrote. The two people who may have been infected on the flight were sitting at the back of the plane, directly across the aisle from the seven infected passengers seated in a cluster.

“These transmissions may have also occurred before or after the flight,” the researchers wrote.

“The airflow in the cabin from the ceiling to the floor and from the front to the rear may have been associated with a reduced transmission rate,” the researchers wrote. “It could be speculated that the rate may have been reduced further had the passengers worn masks.”

CNN’s Raja Razek, Artemis Moshtaghian, Topher-Gauk Roger, Amanda Watts, Jason Hanna, Naomi Thomas, Jen Christensen and Anna Sturla contributed to this report.

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